你哭着对我说 童话里都是骗人的 我说别傻了

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这是一篇悼文,为了悼念伟大的数学家,诺贝尔经济学奖获得者:约翰·纳什!
据美国媒体报道,约翰·纳什和妻子赴挪威领取阿贝尔奖,23日返回美国,在美国新泽西州乘坐出租车时遭遇车祸,被弹出窗外,当场遇难,终年86岁,结束了他传奇的一生。

1928年6月,纳什生于美国西弗吉尼亚州。他从小就很孤僻,宁可一头钻进书堆里,也不愿意与同龄人去玩耍。那个时候纳什的数学成绩并不出色,因为他经常使用一些奇特的解题方法,小学老师常向他的家长抱怨纳什的数学有问题。到了中学,老师在黑板上演算了整个黑板的习题,纳什只用简单的几步就能解出答案。
1945年中学毕业后,纳什进入了匹兹堡的卡耐基梅隆大学学习,之后又进入卡耐基技术学院化学工程系。
1948年,大学三年级的纳什同时被哈佛、普林斯顿、芝加哥和密执安大学录取。在普林斯顿自由的学术空气里,纳什如鱼得水;
1950年,22岁的纳什获得普林斯顿研究院博士学位,并在博士论文中提出后来被称为“纳什均衡”的博弈理论,不到30岁的他已闻名遐迩。
1952年,24岁的纳什开始在麻省理工学院执教;
1958年,纳什取得麻省理工学院终身教职,其在数学领域的优异工作被美国《财富》杂志评为新一代天才数学家中最杰出的人物。然而,正当他的事业如日中天、家庭美满幸福的时候,30岁的纳什得了严重的精神分裂症,并连续两次被送入精神病院,他也因该病症在1962年与有数学领域诺贝尔奖之称的菲尔茨奖失之交臂;
1994年,纳什从疯癫中苏醒,与另外两位博弈论学家海萨尼和泽尔腾共同获得诺贝尔经济学奖;
2015年5月23日 纳什夫妇遇车祸,在美国新泽西州逝世;
纳什的主要职业生涯是在美国普林斯顿大学和麻省理工学院教学和研究。除了数学,纳什在博弈论方面的成就最广为人知。由他的传奇经历改编而成电影《美丽心灵》获得了2002年奥斯卡最佳影片奖。

约翰·纳什是当今世界最有名的“疯子”之一。
对于数学界,经济学界以及很多学术领域,纳什的“非合作博弈中的纳什均衡”和“在低维欧几里得空间中实现局部光滑嵌入黎曼流形”是最值得称道的贡献。这篇名为《非合作博弈》(Non-cooperativegames)的论文总共只有27页,纳什当年只有21岁,然而这篇论文在1994年为纳什赢得了诺贝尔经济学奖。
对于普通大众, 纳什传奇的经历给于更多人启示和鼓励。博士毕业后的纳什牛气冲天,傲慢无理,令同行难以忍受。也许上帝真的是公平的,在于菲尔茨奖(数学界的诺贝尔)失之交臂之后,纳什陷入了严重的精神分裂状态,学术界认为,是这次的失败触发了了他的病情,因为他是一个自傲的人,处处想要争先,想要在知识上高人一等,所以无法容忍这一失败。病情逐渐严重,纳什无法正常生活,总共被送入精神病院两次,他的妻子艾丽西亚也了离婚告别了精神失常的纳什。纳什被前期接回到了普林斯顿大学,而普林斯顿大学也最终接受了疯疯颠颠的纳什,其后长达25年的时间里,普林斯顿大学校园里游荡着一个数学的幽灵。直到1994年,纳什的精神状态才逐渐好转,普林斯顿大学的宽厚幽静开始治愈这位天才。同年,诺奖委员会有意向给纳什诺奖,普林斯顿大学数学系的教授哈罗德·库恩极力游说委员会,且力证纳什已经完全康复。并且游说普林斯顿大学为纳什增设了一个“访问研究合作者”的职位给长久没有工作的纳什。这一段人生的转折被美化并拍成了电影《美丽心灵》。

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